Before Bollywood came the term "Tollywood".The name that was used to refer to the cinema of West Bengal. Dating back to 1932, "Tollywood" was the earliest Hollywood-inspired name, referring to the Bengali film industry based in Tollygunge, Calcutta.
The term "Bollywood" itself has origins in the 1970s, when India overtook America as the world's largest film producer. Credit for the term has been claimed by several different people, including the lyricist, filmmaker and scholar Amit Khanna, and the journalist Bevinda Collaco.
Here's a shocking fact--Bollywood was born 11 years before Hollywood! Bollywood’s first production was an 1899 short film, whereas Hollywood’s first film came out in 1910.
Initially the cinema industry was still considered a low profession in the 40s, music director Naushad was introduced by his parents to his bride as a tailor. And ironically, the music that played in his ‘baraat’ was from ‘Rattan’ (1944) – that had been composed by him.
We all Know that Colour era in Indian Cinema (Hindi and Tamil) started in the mid 1950s but Kisan Kanya (year 1937) was known as India's first colour film,before that attempts to shoot the first Indian colour film(1933) failed when the negative for Sairhandri, directed by Rajaram Vankudre Shantaram, was ruined during processing in Germany. The colour era started with Aan(1953), a Dilip Kumar- Nimmi starrer by Mehboob Khan, was the first Indian film, the prints of which were in Technicolor, the most expensive colour format of that era, or ever. It was shot in 16 mm and later blown up to 35 mm. It was a landmark success.
The masala film was pioneered in the early 1970s by filmmaker Nasir Hussain, along with screenwriter duo Salim-Javed, consisting of Salim Khan and Javed Akhtar. Yaadon Ki Baarat (1973), directed by Hussain and written by Salim-Javed, has been identified as the first masala film and the "first" quintessentially "Bollywood" film.Masala films launched Amitabh Bachchan into the biggest Bollywood movie star of the 1970s and 1980s. The "Curry Western" trend that began with Sholay (1975), written by Salim-Javed, also falls under the masala film genre.
Bollywood films are mostly musicals and are expected to contain catchy music in the form of song-and-dance numbers woven into the script. Indrasabha released in 1932 has world record for maximum no of songs. It has over 70 songs.
Raja Harishchandra (1913), by Dadasaheb Phalke, is known as the first silent feature film made in India.
The first kissing scene in Bollywood was shot 84 years back and it was in the film Karma. Today, actor Emraan Hashmi is considered as the kiss symbol of Bollywood.Karma was released in 1933 and Bollywood actors Himanshu Rai and Devika Rani had shot the first kissing scene in front of the camera. The 4-minute long kissing scene was not part of any romantic scene or lovemaking scene but the heroine was trying to recover hero from unconsciousness by kissing him.
Today Sequel in Bollywood are very common but Hunter Wali film series was the movie series to have a sequel. First movie was released in 1935 and its sequel in 1943.This was an action movie with Fearless Nadia as lead role. This movie is one of the earliest female-lead movies.